The sacroiliac joint is very tight spot in the pelvic area and when you experience sacroiliac joint pain it really hurts. There are many causes for sacroiliac joint pain and different ways to treat it.
Sacroiliac joint pain has many different symptoms. Most people feel some sort of pain on either the right or left side of their lower back and that pain can be extremely sharp, so much so, that it can restrict the movement. Men may feel testicular pain, as the pain can extend from the lower back all the way to the front of the groin. Many people may mistake sacroiliac joint pain with sciatica as they might feel pain extend into their legs on the side where the low back pain resides.
Symptoms can also be activated with physical movement. Sacroiliac joint pain may be very obvious when driving for extended periods of time; you may even be able to feel the ligaments around the joint with palpitation. You may have difficulty rolling over in bed or have difficulty bending to put on shoes and socks. Getting out of the car may be difficult and so will getting out of chairs and out of bed each morning.
The sacroiliac joint is at the bottom of the back and there is a joint on each side of the spine. The joints sit at the sacrum and the ilia and their placements allow the torso to twist and the joints also allow us to move our legs. The sacroiliac joints also keep the pelvis safe from fractures. Because the joint and space is so small, it is difficult to diagnose sacroiliac joint pain. Because of the complexity of the pelvis and the spine, sacroiliac joint dysfunction can lead to other problems in mobility, where the joint can lock and reduce mobility or become too mobile. The sacroiliac joint problems can also create problems in the hip and thighs, low back, glutes, and groin.
Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Pain
The pain can be caused by many different problems. Sacroiliac joint pain can be caused by trauma or biomechanical problems like over-pronation, muscle imbalances, and difference in leg lengths. Hormonal changes, like pregnancy, seem to cause many problems in the pelvic area. One other common cause is inflammatory joint disease.
If you have sacroiliac joint pain, there are many things that can be done. If you are an athlete, resting is the first home remedy that doctors prescribe. They also recommend heat to loosen up muscle tension. However, if you have inflammation, then you want to ice the spot. Some doctors may recommend a sacroiliac back belt to help relieve some pain. Electrotherapy might be a useful tool, as well sacroiliac joint manipulation. Sports massages may feel phenomenal, too. Physical therapy and simple yoga stretches can also free up the sacroiliac joint and relieve most sacroiliac joint pain.
Pelvic stabilization exercises can be used in treating sacroiliac joint pain. The exercises involve stretches that make the pelvic area to be aligned in a proper position. Knee movements, pilates and leg circles are the exercises commonly used.
Standing can also be used for treatment. When doing this, you should stand straight, with your body placed against the wall, and the shoulder blades, backbone and the heels must touch the wall. The arch in the lower back area should be decreased by making it to touch the wall, and when doing this, a little pressure may be felt on the ribs and the abdominal muscles.
When you suspect sacroiliac joint pain, it is important to see a physician, physical therapist, or a sport medicine specialist.