The knees do their jobs through many supporting and moving parts like bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons and ligaments. However, each of them is subject to all kinds of injuries and diseases. When your ability to do things is affected by knee problems, there can be a great impact on your life. Many things can be affected by knee problems, from simply getting up from a chair and walking, to participation in sports or other outdoor activities.
Causes of Knee Problems
Knee problems are usually experienced when there are sudden movements or direct blows which cause the knee to be strained beyond its normal range of motion. The knees are sometimes injured slowly over time. For instance, the problems with the feet or hips can force you to walk awkwardly, throwing off the alignment of the knees, and causing damage after some time. A lifetime of normal wear and tear can also cause knee problems, because, just like what you have in the treads on a tire, after some years, the joint will wear out.
These are some other major causes of knee problems:
– Knee surgery, or a surgery in the adjoining structures such as the leg or hip.
– Electrolyte imbalance or low calcium levels due to wrong diet
– Excessive weakness because of diseases such as flu, diarrhea, typhoid, cancer, etc.
– During pregnancy, women may experience knee problems because of excessive weight.
– In some cases, a woman may experience knee problems after childbirth or during menstruation because of the overall weakness of the body.
– Lack of exercise (sedentary lifestyle) or excessive exercise
– The use of ill-fitting shoes
– Lack of essential nutrients in the body, excessive intake of drugs, alcohol, soda, caffeine, and excessive smoking.
– Sitting, standing, working with a wrong posture.
Different Types of Knee Problems
When the ligament holding the knee in place tears, it means that the knee has strained from a particular direction. Medically, sprains can be graded as first degree, second degree and third degree. When you suffer first-degree sprains, it means the ligament is stretching, while the fiber is not tearing. The ligament is not affected by second-degree sprains, but the fibers may be sprained partially, but when you have third-degree sprains, it means that the ligaments have been damaged completely.
These are the injuries in the tendons and the muscles surrounding the knee. They are usually caused by the overuse or due to hyperextension or hyperflexion of the knee.
This is a condition where the bursas of the knee are inflamed, usually caused by the overuse of the knee or a direct blow to it.
This is also called a meniscus tear, and it is caused by the twisting of the knee, with stress put on the cartilage, resulting in a tear in most cases.
Symptoms of Knee Problems
The symptoms are usually needed before knee problems can be treated. You can experience pain and swelling if you have a serious knee injury, with difficulty bending it or bearing your weight. The swelling may be coming and going, and if you get involved in any activity involving the use of the knee, the condition may be severe. Ligament injury may be what you are suffering from if you have the feeling that the knee is unstable or is giving away, and with a popping or a grinding, and an inability to bend it, it means that you have a cartilage tear. You may need knee replacement if you are experiencing knee problems like torn cartilage, arthritis, tendonitis or severe or chronic knee pain.